Environment Impact Assessment has emerged as a crucial study for humanity. We all share this globe and its resources so the impact of our use, or abuse, would be borne not just by us but also other inhabitants of earth. In our continuous need for development, we construct massive structures and emit various gases that impact our environment and other life forms in more ways than one.
Geospatial technology is an essential component of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process, as environmental resources are directly affected by changes in the shape and extent of the proposed disturbance. With the use of spatial techniques like remote sensing, Geographical Information Systems, and Global Positioning Systems, EIA has enhanced substantial viewing, movement, query, and even map-making capabilities. The location based data management tools are used to assist in the decision making processes that together form an Environmental Management strategy.
Remote Sensing technologies like aerial mapping and satellite imaging offer valuable tools in defining and monitoring various impacts being faced by the environment. The multiple bands within the imaging offer high quality surface and subsurface data accumulation, definition and processing abilities that are economical and reliable.